History Of World Cinema



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Although the beginning of film history is not clearly defined, the commercial, public screening of ten of the short films of the Lumière brothers in Paris on December 28, 1895 can be considered the breakthrough of the projected cinematographic motion pictures. There had been previously cinematographic outcomes and screenings, but the quality or momentum that propelled the cinematographer Lumiere was into a world wide success.

India’s cinema comprises of movies generated in the nation of India.Cinema is extremely common in India, with as many as 1,600 movies generated in different languages each year.Indian cinema generates more movies watched by more individuals than any other country ; in 2011, more than 3.5 billion tickets were sold across India, 900,000 more than Hollywood.Mumbai,Kolkata, Chennai and Hyderabad are the major centres of film production in India.

One of the most prosperous film industry today has been discovered in India. The industry’s pioneers were foreigners, however. In 1896 when they screened film composed of six short films in Bombay, the Lumiere brothers proved the film art.After the Lumiere brothers ‘ movie screening in Mumbai, movies became a sensation in India, and the following year Professor Stevenson staged a show at the Calcutta (now Kolkata) Star Theater. Using Stevenson’s camera, Hiralal Sen, an Indian photographer, produced a film of scenes from the show, The Flowers of Persia (1898). The first film ever to be shot by an Indian was called The Wrestlers, produced in 1899 by H.S. Bhatavdekar, depicting a wrestling game in Mumbai’s Hanging Gradens. This was India’s first documentary film, too. The first film to be published in India was Sree Pundalik, a silent Marathi film directed by Dadasaheb Torne on May 18, 1912.India’s first full-length film was made by Dadasahed Phalke (also known as the father of Indian cinema), the early Indian filmmaker who combined elements from Sanskrit epics to make his first film, Raja Harishchandra, in 1913, a silent movie in Marathi. The roles of women have been performed by males, and this film remains a landmark in the history of Indian cinema. Raja Harishchandra was a huge business success and a source of inspiration for more such movies.

India’s very first talkie (that’s the first talking film) was Alam Ara, produced by Ardeshir Irani, published on March 14, 1931. The first two South Indian films to be published were Prahalada (Telugu) and Kalidas (Tamil) and were published on October 31, 1931. Jumai Shasthi was the first Bengali talkie to be published. Talkies quickly became very popular in India, and the performers in those movies were much in demand and made a good quantity of cash by acting.

With the development of sound technology, the 1930s saw the use of music in Indian movies, and Indra Sabha and Devi Deviyani were one of India’s first song and dance films. Indian commercial movies (also known as masala movies), which were a heady cocktail of dance, music, drama, comedy and romance, emerged after the Second World War. In the 1940s, South Indian films, too, had acquired enormous prominence in Indian cinema.

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